The sincerity of turning towards God is conditioned by its being pleasing to God Most-High or by that which pleases Him. That which is conditioned is invalid without its condition.
“He approves not unthankfulness from His servants” so faith is a condition that must be fulfilled. “If ye are thankful, He will approve it on you” so submission is a condition that must be fulfilled.
Thus, there is no Sufism without jurisprudence, because divine exoteric rules can be known only through jurisprudence. Nor is there any jurisprudence without Sufism, for action cannot be carried out without sincerity and turning towards God. Nor can jurisprudence and Sufism be carried out without faith, since neither can neither of the two is valid without it.
So all three are necessary because they are attached to one another in principle as souls are attached to bodies: souls have no existence without bodies just as bodies have no life without souls. So understand this!
Along these lines is the saying of Malik (may God have mercy on him) “He who follows the path of Sufism while neglecting jurisprudence is a heretic, and he who learns jurisprudence while neglecting the Path commits transgression.
But he who combines both has attained realization of the Truth.” I maintain that the first is a heretic because of his belief in the doctrine of predestination, which leads to the negation of divine wisdom and general rules.
The second committed transgression because his deeds lack any turning towards God through divine wisdom and general rules, a turning that veils him from disobeying God and because his deeds also lack sincerity, which a condition in acting for God’s sake. The third attains to the realization of the Truth in that very same act of holding on to the Truth. So, know this!
Translated by Istrabadi, Zaineb S. , Ph.D